Surrounded by rugged, forested hills, the town of Rajgir is important for Buddhists as well as Jains as the founders of both religions spent many years meditating and preaching here.
Gridhrakuta (“Vultures Peak”) is a site much venerated by Buddhists as this is where the Buddha delivered many important sermons. Two rock-cut caves here were a favourite retreat of the Buddha.
What to see
- Ajatshatru’s Fort;
- Amaravana or Jivaka’s Mango Garden;
- Bimbisara’s Jail;
- The Chariot Route and Shell Inscriptions;
- The Cyclopean Wall;
- Jain Temples;
- The Kaenada Tank;
- The Hot Springs: The hottest of springs is the Brahmakundi with a temperature of 45 Deg.C;
- The Maniyar Math;
- Pippala Cave or Watch Tower;
- Ranbhumi: The battle field where Bhima ansd Jarasandha fought;
- Saptaparni Caves;
- Swarna Bhandar;
- Venuvana Vihar and
- Vishva Shanti Stupa
Air: The nearest airport is Patna 101 km. Indian Airlines connects Patna with Calcutta, Delhi, Lucknow, Mumbai and Ranchi.
Rail: The most convenient railhead is at Gaya 34 km.
Road: Rajgir is connected by road with Bihar Sharif 25 Km, Bodhgaya 46 km, Gaya 34 Km, Nalanda 12 Km, Patna 102 Km & Pawapuri 38 Km.
Area: 25 Sq. Km. Aitltude: 67.06 Mts. Temperature: Summer - Max- 45 Deg.C. Min: 20 Deg.C Winter - Max: 28 Deg C. Min: 6 Deg.C Rainfall: 186 Cms (Mid-June to Mid-September) Best Season: October to March. STD Code : 06119.
Kundalpur (18 Km): Although lord Mahavir is known to have been born close to Vaishali, the Digambar sect of the Jains maintain that he was born at Kundalpur.
Swarajpur Baragon (18 Km): Known for its lake with a temple dedicated to Surya, the Sun God. Twice a year in Valsakha (April- May) and Kartika (October-November), it is the venue for the Chhat Puja or Sun Worship.
Bihar Shariff (25 Km): Attracts thousands of pilgrims of all religions who visit the tomb of Makhdum Shah Sharif-ud-din, a Muslim saint of the 14th century.
Pawapuri (38 Km): Also known as ‘Apapuri’, the sinless town, this place is an important Jain pilgrim centre. It was here that Lord Mahavira delivered his first sermon and was cremated at the site where the Jalmandir is located. The places of interest here Include Jalmandir, which lies in the middle of a large lotus tank, Samosharan, the holy site where Mahavira is believed to have delivered his last sermon, and some Jain caves.