Vaishali dates back to the 6th century BC when it was a flourishing city, reputedly one of the first democratic republics. This is where the Buddha preached his last sermon and announced his approaching Nirvana.

Vaishali today is a small village surrounded by banana and mango groves as well as rice fields. At the site of Buddha’s last sermon, now known as Kahlua, the Emperor Ashoka erected a pillar which still stands, surrounded by ruined monasteries.

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